GMAT Reading Comprehension Practice Test 1
Please take a moment to complete this quiz.
Read the following passage and answer the question


The following passage is from a discussion of various ways that living creatures have been classified over the years.

 

 

     The world can be classified in different ways,

 

depending on one's interests and principles of clas-

 

sification. The classifications (also known as

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taxonomies) in turn determine which comparisons

5

seem natural or unnatural, which literal or analog-

 

ical. For example, it has been common to classify

 

living creatures into three distinct groups—plants,

 

animals, and humans. According to this classifica-

 

tion, human beings are not a special kind of

10

animal, nor animals a special kind of plant. Thus

 

any comparisons between the three groups are

 

strictly analogical. Reasoning from inheritance in

 

garden peas to inheritance in fruit flies, and from

 

these two species to inheritance in human beings,

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is sheer poetic metaphor.

 

 

     Another mode of classifying living creatures is

 

commonly attributed to Aristotle. Instead of treat-

 

ing plants, animals, and humans as distinct

 

groups, they are nested. All living creatures

20

possess a vegetative soul that enables them to

 

grow and metabolize. Of these, some also have a

 

sensory soul that enables them to sense their envi-

 

ronments and move. One species also has a

 

rational soul that is capable of true understanding.

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Thus, human beings are a special sort of animal,

 

and animals are a special sort of plant. Given this

 

classification, reasoning from human beings to all

 

other species with respect to the attributes of the

 

vegetative soul is legitimate, reasoning from

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human beings to other animals with respect to the

 

attributes of the sensory soul is also legitimate,

 

but reasoning from the rational characteristics of

 

the human species to any other species is merely

 

analogical. According to both classifications, the

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human species is unique. In the first, it has a king-

 

dom all to itself; in the second, it stands at the

 

pinnacle of the taxonomic hierarchy.

 

 

      Homo sapiens is unique. All species are. But

 

this sort of uniqueness is not enough for many

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(probably most) people, philosophers included. For

 

some reason, it is very important that the species

 

to which we belong be uniquely unique. It is of

 

utmost importance that the human species be

 

insulated from all other species with respect to

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how we explain certain qualities. Human beings

 

clearly are capable of developing and learning

 

languages. For some reason, it is very important

 

that the waggle dance performed by bees * not

 

count as a genuine language. I have never been

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able to understand why. I happen to think that the

 

waggle dance differs from human languages to

 

such a degree that little is gained by terming them

 

both "languages," but even if "language" is so

 

defined that the waggle dance slips in, bees still

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remain bees. It is equally important to some that

 

no other species use tools. No matter how inge-

 

nious other species get in the manipulation of

 

objects in their environment, it is absolutely

 

essential that nothing they do count as "tool use."

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I, however, fail to see what difference it makes

 

whether any of these devices such as probes and

 

anvils, etc. are really tools. All the species

 

involved remain distinct biological species no

 

matter what decisions are made. Similar observa-

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tions hold for rationality and anything a computer

 

might do.

According to the author, what is most responsible for influencing our perception of a comparison between species?







GMAT Exam Information

Most quality graduate business schools and programs rely on the GMAT to assess candidates and make admissions decisions. Any individual seriously considering going to business school should consider the GMAT as the first step. Graduate management schools and business programs worldwide rely upon the GMAT. The test has been accepted by over 6,000 business programs across the globe for over sixty years and is considered the exam of choice by graduate school admissions boards. 

The current format of the GMAT contains four separately administered sections:

  • Analytical Writing - 30 minute time limit.
  • Integrated Reasoning - Contains 12 questions with a 30 minute time limit.
  • Quantitative - Contains 37 questions with a 75 minute time limit.
  • Verbal - Contains 41 questions with a 75 minute time limit.

To prepare for the GMAT, try our free GMAT practice tests.  For more serious preparation, try one of our recommended GMAT prep courses.

GMAT Scores

Following the examination, you will receive five scores. The five scores include all of the sections tested as well as a total score. The score report also reflects all GMAT scores taken within the last five years. The Total score is based on how well you perform on the Verbal and Quantitative scores and the Analytical Writing and Integrated Reasoning do not impact the Total score. 

For the Total, Verbal, and Quantitative scores, the score range is 200-800. Approximately 66% of test takers score between 400 and 600 on these areas. The Verbal and Quantitative scores are on a fixed scale with scores ranging between 0 and 60. 

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Conclusion

The best way to improve performance on the GMAT is to prepare. Going in cold does not fair well with performance. Study aids, past tests, and useful prep plans offer examinees insight on taking the GMAT. Interactive GMAT preparation timelines are available to help improve study efforts and make the time planning for the examination more effective and efficient. The key to success on the GMAT is to prepare, arrive confident and focused, and be ready to perform at your best. 

Sources:

Some questions are from the following sources:

Erik Jacobsen at www.erikthered.com/tutor

CK-12 Foundation - www.ck12.org
BEHS Sat Prep - https://behssatprep.wikispaces.com/
PWN the SAT - http://blog.pwnthesat.com/