An EMT, or emergency medical technician, is an essential professional in the health care system. EMTs are responsible for responding and applying quick medical attention, usually for medical emergencies, traumatic injuries, or accidents. We will review how to become an EMT in our guide below.
A couple of different EMT requirements need to be met before becoming an EMT. While the requirements aren’t the most challenging, they will take some time and effort to complete.
Becoming an EMT can be a very rewarding experience and career. Review the requirements to become an EMT below.
What is an EMT?
EMT stands for emergency medical technician. EMTs are trained to respond and think quickly in emergency medical situations - specifically medical emergencies, traumatic injuries, and accident scenes.
Many EMTs are found working in an ambulance and are often employed by private ambulance services, governments, hospitals, fire departments, and police departments.
Many individuals are firefighter-EMTs or police officer-EMTs. A medical director or a physician supervises emergency medical technicians.
An EMT is usually the first medical professional on the scene, so they must act and think quickly. EMTs are trained in emergency medical knowledge and skills that can be implemented within a fast time frame. The main goals when an EMT intervenes include:
- Rapidly evaluate a patient's condition
- Maintain patient's airway
- Maintain patient's breathing
- Maintain patient's circulation
- Control patient's external bleeding
- Prevent patient from going into shock
- Prevent further injury while transporting the patient
See Our Top Recommended EMT Prep Course
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How to Become an EMT
One common misconception about EMT requirements is that you need an associate or bachelor's degree. However, this is not the case. You do not need an associate or bachelor’s degree.
In your journey to becoming an EMT, the following requirements will need to be met.
1. Complete Basic Education Requirements
To become an EMT, you will need to have your high school diploma or GED, equivalent to a high school diploma. If you do not have this, it is recommended that you earn your GED.
2. Be CPR Certified
Many EMT training programs require applicants to be CPR certified. You can complete this EMT requirement either online or in person through organizations like the American Red Cross. This is a valuable skill and can come in handy even if you do not plan to become an EMT.
3. Complete a State-Approved EMT Program
Students should attend an accredited program to complete their education. You can review accredited programs here. These programs can take anywhere from 6 months to 3 years to complete. These programs are usually offered by community colleges, technical colleges, or state-sponsored programs.
4. Pass the Cognitive Exam
The Cognitive exam is given by the National Registry of Emergency Technicians (NREMT). It consists of 70-120 questions. There are 5 different categories of questions you will be tested on. You can review questions using our EMT practice tests. You can review our guide to the EMT test for more information on that exam.
5. Pass the Psychomotor Exam
The Psychomotor exam is given out on a state level. The test is hands-on, with different skills being tested. You can learn more about this exam in our guide to the EMT test.
After completing the above EMT requirements, you will be a certified EMT and can apply for a job as an EMT in your state. Now that you know how to become an EMT let’s review some of the skills an EMT should have.
Skills for EMTs
To be successful, an EMT should possess the following skills and talents:
- Critical thinking and problem-solving skills
- Good communicator
- A strong stomach
- Physically fit
- Calm under pressure
Becoming an EMT - FAQS
What does an EMT do?
What is the fastest way to become an EMT?
What does EMT stand for?
Is it worth becoming an EMT?
The compensation for EMTs varies by state. You can learn more about EMT salaries with our guide.