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Free Citizenship Practice Tests

Citizenship Free Practice Tests

Prepare for your upcoming U.S. Citizenship exam with our free practice tests. The questions in our practice exams are the actual (official) questions you will see on your Naturalization test.

100 Citizenship Test Questions (Study Mode)

Study all 100 Official USCIS naturalization questions. Each question is immediately followed by an answer and explanation.

Citizenship Questions 1-20
Citizenship Questions 21-40
Citizenship Questions 41-60
Citizenship Questions 61-80
Citizenship Questions 81-100

Citizenship Practice Tests

Prepare for the actual citizenship exam with our random question tests. You must get at least 6 answers out of 10 questions correct.

Citizenship Practice Test 1
Citizenship Practice Test 2
Citizenship Practice Test 3
Citizenship Practice Test 4
Citizenship Practice Test 5
Citizenship Practice Test 6
Citizenship Practice Test 7
Citizenship Practice Test 8
Citizenship Practice Test 9

US Citizenship English (Reading) Test

For the reading portion of the citizenship English test you will be asked to read aloud one of three sentences. The content will focus on civics and history topics and will test your ability to read in English.  To study for the reading portion of the Naturalization Test, you should be comfortable with the following vocabulary words:

Reading Vocabulary for the Citizenship Test

People  Civics Places Holidays

Abraham Lincoln
George Washington

American flag
Bill of Rights
capital
citizen
city
Congress
country
Father of our Country
government
President
right
Senators
state/states
White House

America
United States
U.S.
Presidents' Day
Memorial Day
Flag Day
Independence Day
Labor Day
Columbus Day
Thanksgiving
 Question Words Verbs Other (Function) Other (Content)
How
What
When
Where
Who
Why
can
come
do/does
elects
have/has
is/are/was/be
lives/lived
meet
name
pay
vote
want
a
for
here
in
of
on
the
to
we
colors
dollar bill
first
largest
many
most
north
one
people
second
south

US Citizenship English (Writing) Test

 For the Writing portion of the English test, you will be asked to write one out of three sentences correctly. The content from the test will focus on civics and history topics.  To help prepare for the test, you should be comfortable with the following vocabulary words:

Writing Vocabulary for the Citizenship Test

People  Civics Places Months
Adams
Lincoln
Washington
American Indians
capital
citizens
Civil War
Congress
Father of our Country
flag
free
freedom of speech
President
right
Senators
state/states
White House

Alaska
California
Canada
Delaware
Mexico
New York City
United States
Washington
Washington, D.C.

February
May
June
July
September
October
November
Holidays Verbs Other (Function) Other (Content)
Presidents' Day
Memorial Day
Flag Day
Independence Day
Labor Day
Columbus Day
Thanksgiving
can
come
elect
have/has
is/was/be
lives/lived
meets
pay
vote
want
and
during
for
here
in
of
on
the
to
we
blue
dollar bill
fifty/50
first
largest
most
north
one
one hundred/100
people
red
second
south
taxes
white

Other Citizenship Resources

Resource Description
100 Civics Questions and Answers with MP3 Audio (English version) Audio version of 100 official questions (English)
100 Civics Questions and Answers with MP3 Audio (Spanish version) Audio version of 100 official questions (Spanish)
Civics Study Booklet (PDF) Official 100 questions/answers with short background lessons
Pocket Study Guide (PDF) Condensed study guide with 100 civics questions and information on English (reading/writing tests)
Civics Practice Test 20 question online version of civics test
Thinking about Applying for Naturalization? (PDF)  Checklist to get ready for the Naturalization process
10 Steps to Naturalization (PDF) Overview of the Naturalization Process 
N-400, Application for Naturalization U.S. N-400 Naturalization Form
Frequently Asked Questions about U.S. Citizenship Citizenship and Naturalization FAQ
For More Study Tools - see Test-Guide.com's Recommended Citizenship Study Products to improve your scores.

Free Citizenship Sample Questions for the US Naturalization Civics Test

US Citizenship Practice TestOur sample exams require no registration, and include scoring and answer explanations. Citizenship practice tests are an effective way to study for your test. Our free Citizenship practice sample tests provide you with an opportunity to assess how well you are prepared for the actual Citizenship test, and then concentrate on the areas you need to work on. After you submit answers to the practice questions, a test score will be presented. In addition, you will be given rationales (explanations) to all of the questions to help you understand any questions you may have gotten wrong. In the actual Civics test, you will be asked up to 10 questions out of a possible list of 100 questions. You will need to answer at least 6 of the questions correctly. On the Test-Guide.com practice tests, you are presented with 10 multiple choice questions. Each correct answer on our exams is worth 10 points. If you score a 60 or better on our exams, then you have a "passing" grade...although you should strive to get all of our questions correct!

Preparing for Naturalization Test by using free online Citizenship practice tests is an effective way to study. The more Citizenship test questions that you practice, the better able you are to do well on the actual test.

The Citizenship exams have questions on American Government, American History, and Integrated Civics. The questions are pulled from the following specific topics:

  • Principles of American Democracy
  • System of Government
  • Rights and Responsibilities
  • Colonial Period and Independence
  • 1800s
  • Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information
  • Geography
  • Symbols
  • Holidays

Should I become a U.S. Citizen? - U.S. Citizenship vs. Permanent Resident

Many permanent residents wonder if becoming a U.S. citizen is worth it. Permanent residents have most of the rights of U.S. citizens are missing some very important rights and privileges. The following list contains the most important rights that a citizen has that aren’t available to permanent residents.

Rights of US Citizens

  • Voting – Citizens can vote in federal elections. In addition, most states do not allow permanent residents to vote in state elections.
  • Jury Service – You cannot serve on a federal jury unless you are a U.S. citizen. Most states also restrict jury service to citizens.
  • U.S. Passport Travel – As a citizen you can travel world-wide with a U.S. passport. A U.S. passport allows you to get assistance from the U.S. government if necessary.
  • Work for the Federal Government – Many government jobs require U.S. citizenship.
  • Utilize Government Benefits – Some government benefits are not available to permanent residents.
  • Take Advantage of Federal Grants and Scholarships – Many college scholarships, financial aid grants and other government funds are only available to U.S. citizens.
  • Bring Family Members to the U.S. – As a citizen your petition to bring family members permanently to the United States will be prioritized.
  • Become an Elected Official – To run for a federal office, such as the Senate or House of Representatives, you must be a citizen. Most state and local offices also require citizenship.
  • Maintain your Residency – As a U.S. citizen your right to remain in the U.S. cannot be revoked.
  • Obtain Citizenship for Minors – In most cases, a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen is automatically a U.S. citizen.

Citizenship and Naturalization Requirements

If you were not born in the United States, naturalization is the process that a person goes through to become a United States citizen. To complete the naturalization process, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be 18 Years Old – at the time of filing your N-400 Naturalization Applications.
  • Be a Permanent Resident – having a green card for at least 5 years.
  • Have Continuous Residence – maintaining a permanent home in the United States for at least 5 years before filing your application.
  • Adequate Physical Presence – you  must have been physically present in the U.S. for at least 30 months out of the last 5 years
  • State/District Residence – you must prove that you have lived for at least 3 months in the state or USCIS district where you apply.
  • Good Moral Character.
  • Support the principles and ideals of the United States Constitution.
  • Able to read, write, and speak basic English.
  • Understand U.S. Civics – you must have a basic understanding of U.S. History and government (as tested by the citizenship civics test)
  • Take an oath of allegiance to the United States.

Applying for Citizenship – 10 Step Naturalization Process

To become a naturalized U.S. citizen, you should follow the following 10 step process:

 1. Determine if you are already a United States Citizen

  • If you were born in the United States or a U.S. territory you may already be a U.S. citizen.
  • If at least one of your parents is a U.S. citizen (by birth or naturalization) you may already be a U.S. citizen.

2. Determine your eligibility to become a U.S. citizen

3. Prepare your Naturalization Application (Form N-400).

  • Complete the N-400 and sign
  • Get two passport style photographs taken (if you live outside the U.S.)
  • Gather the required documents.  See the document checklist for complete list.

4. Submit your Application

  • Include biometric service fees if applicable
  • If you are seeking an exemption from the English and/or civics requirements because of a disability or impairment, include Form N-648, Medical Certification for Disability Exceptions.
  • Include any required documentation necessary to prove your eligibility.
  • Include two passport style photographs if you reside outside of the United States.
  • You can check on the status of your application by calling 1-800-375-5283

5. If applicable, go to your biometrics appointment

  • Applicants for U.S. citizenship are required to pass a FBI criminal background check. You will need to provide biometrics (fingerprints and photograph).
  • You will receive a notice for the biometrics appointment.
  • You must attend the biometrics appointment and have your photograph and fingerprints taken.

6. Complete the Interview Process

  • Once the preliminary processes are complete, you will be contacted by the USCIS to schedule an interview.
  • You will be asked questions about your N-400 application form.
  • You will take the English and Civics tests (unless you are exempt).
  • Following your interview, you will be provided a “Notice of Interview Results”
  • In some cases, your case will need to be continued.  In most cases this is because 1) you failed either the English or Civics portion of you test or 2) you did not supply the required evidence/documentation.

7. Receive a written notice of decision – the decision will be one of three states:

  • Granted – Form N-400 is approved
  • Continued – If you fail your English/Civics tests or don’t provide sufficient evidence/documentation.
  • Denied – Your form can be denied if USCIS deems that your record establishes that you are not eligible for naturalization.

8. Receive a notice to take the Oath of Allegiance

  • If your form N-400 is approved, you will participate in a naturalization ceremony where you will swear an Oath of Allegiance.  The naturalization ceremony can be on the same day or scheduled at a later date.

9. Take the Oath of Allegiance

  • You are not an official U.S. citizen until you take the Oath of Allegiance at a naturalization ceremony.
  • You must complete Form N-445, Notice of Naturalization Oath Ceremony
  • At the ceremony, you will
    - Have your N-445 form reviewed by USCIS
    - Turn in your Permanent Resident Card
    - Recite the Oath of Allegiance
    - Receive your Certificate of Naturalization

10. Understand U.S. Citizenship – As a U.S. Citizen, you have the following rights and responsibilities

Rights

  • Freedom to express yourself.
  • Freedom to worship as you wish.
  • Right to a prompt, fair trial by jury.
  • Right to vote in elections for public officials.
  • Right to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. citizenship.
  • Right to run for elected office.
  • Freedom to pursue “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

Responsibilities

  • Support and defend the Constitution.
  • Stay informed of the issues affecting your community.
  • Participate in the democratic process.
  • Respect and obey federal, state, and local laws.
  • Respect the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others.
  • Participate in your local community.
  • Pay income and other taxes honestly, and on time, to federal, state, and local authorities.
  • Serve on a jury when called upon.
  • Defend the country if the need should arise.
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